Menes, Aha, or Narma





Aha (Menes), Atoti (Athotis 1st), Djer, Dewen, Qaa


Second image from top left: Menes, Aha, or Narma 3,032 B.C. Menes was a Thinite (A native of Thinis or Abydos), which was located in Upper Egypt between the first cataract and the Delta.


Menes and his successors ruled from this city. During his reign he put into effect a body of laws introduced luxurious and extravagant manners of living. He also built a new capital at Ined Hedj, meaning the "White Wall."


1st Dynasty 3032 - 2853 B.C.E.

  • Aha (Menes) 3032-3000 B.C.E.

  • Atoti (athotis 1st) 30000-2999 B.C.E.

  • Djer 2999-2952 Wadji 2952-2939 B.C.E.

  • Dewen 2939-2892 B.C.E.

  • Semerkhet 2886-2878 B.C.E.

  • Qaa 2878-2853 B.C.E.

Bigger Image Djet

He united agricultural towns and villages, along the Nile into a single realm. He was the founder of the Egyptian dynasties. Like other rulers of the Archaic Period, had his tomb in Abydos marked by two stelae bearing his name. This was 'Serpent' (Djet) written within a serekh. A representation of his palace in both plan and elevation, surmounted by the falcon Horus of whom he was an incarnation. Top left: Label from the time of King Den First Dynasty 2,900 B.C. Courtesy of the British Museum London. Left: Djet was the fourth king of the First Dynasty, 2,952 BC.

Hetepsekhemui, Nebre, Ninetjer, Wenegnebti, Sekhemib, Neferkare, Neferkasokar, Hudjefar, Peribsen/Khasekhemui


2nd Dynasty 2853 - 2707 B.C.E.

  • Hetepsekhemui 2853-2825 B.C.E.

  • Nebre 2825-2810 B.C.E.

  • Ninetjer 2810-2767 B.C.E.

  • Wenegnebti/Senedj 2767-2760 B.C.E.

  • Sekhemib 2760-2749 B.C.E.

  • Neferkare 2749-2744 B.C.E.

  • Neferkasokar 2744-2736 B.C.E.

  • Hudjefar 2736-2734 B.C.E.

  • Peribsen/Khasekhemui 2734-2707 B.C.E.

Bigger Image Nebre

Middle left: Restored statue of King Khasekhem Second Dynasty 2,736 BC. Wearing a festal robe and the crown of Upper Egypt, over which he may have ruled only in the earlier part of his reign.


The base is inscribed with contorted figures of slain northerners, numbered as 47,209. Middle right: Stella from the tomb of King Nebre Saqqara; Early Second Dynasty 2810 BC.


Second image at the bottom: Netjerykhet-Djoser 3rd dynasty 2690-2670 BC. Zoser, Abdul Quddws " Servant of the Holy" (Ashuric/Syraic), father Kha'sikhimuwiy, mother Nima'athafiy. Djoser, Hermes Trismegistus (Greek), Quetzalcoatl (Mexico), Thoth (Egypt), Mercury (Rome), Rapanui (Easter Island), Nabu (Assyrian) and Servant of the Holy (Arabic).

Nebka, Djoser, Ninetjer, Khaba, Mesokhris, Mesokhris, Huni


3rd Dynasty 2707 - 2639 B.C.E.

  • Nebka 2707-2690 B.C.E.

  • Djoser 2690-2670 B.C.E.

  • Khaba 2663-2639 B.C.E.

  • Mesokhris 2639-2638 B.C.E.

  • Mesokhris 2886-2878 B.C.E.

  • Huni 2638-2636 B.C.E.

Djoser was the author of, The Sciences, Mathematics, Arts and Architecture. The Sciences; The art of transforming base material into gold called Hermetic Sciences. He was also known as The Master Healer, Master of Botany, Medicine and Alchemy.


Mathematics; Land Surveying, Geometry, The Science Of Numbers, which is where Pythagoras stole mathematical formulas which he attributed to himself (Pythagorean Theorem).


Arts; Hieroglyphics (Sacred Carvings). The arts of reading, oratory in all of its branches (The Cartouche). Bottom left: Rock carving in the Wadi Maghara in Sinai showing King Sekhemkhet, 2670 BC, probably the successor of Djoser in the Third Dynasty, Smiting an Asiatic of the region.


2nd & 3rd Dynasty 2853 - 2639 B.C.E.


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2nd Dynasty 2853 - 2707 B.C.E.


3rd Dynasty 2707 - 2639 B.C.E.

  • Nebka 2707-2690 B.C.E.

  • Djoser 2690-2670 B.C.E.

  • Khaba 2663-2639 B.C.E.

  • Mesokhris 2639-2638 B.C.E.

  • Mesokhris 2886-2878 B.C.E.

  • Huni 2638-2636 B.C.E.