80,000 years ago, a group of approximately 250 people undertook a single exodus via the southern route, according to (Dr Steven Oppenheimer) of Oxford University, his evidence? Genetic tracking of Mitochondria D.N.A., shows that only one line of humans came out of Africa.
Around 75,000 years ago, in a cave near the southern Cape shoreline in South Africa, a human drilled tiny holes into the shells of snails and strung them as beads to make the oldest known jewelry. The shells are marked with traces of red ochre, suggesting they were either decorated with iron oxide pigment or; they were worn by someone wearing primitive makeup with iron oxide pigment.
They are the first evidence of artistic creativity and symbolism in Modern Man. This artistic creativity in the Khoisan; would be continued and improved upon. Khoisan (Khoi + San) - Is the name for the two original ethnic groups of Southern Africa. From the beginning of the Upper Palaeolithic period, a hunting and gathering culture known as the Sangoan occupied this area. Today's San and Khoi people resemble their ancient skeletal remains and are believed to be their descendants.
The Khoisan people were the inhabitants of much of southern Africa before the southward Bantu expansion, and later European colonization. Both Khoi and San people share physical and linguistic characteristics, and it seems clear that the Khoi branched forth from the San when they adopted the practice of herding cattle and goats from neighbouring Bantu speaking groups.
They left Africa in waves of migratory movements beginning as far as the Cape of South Africa. They were in Europe as early as 45,000 years ago. On their way, most of them stopped settled and developed many nations in Africa. Many of those nations founded the groupings that currently exist in modern states of Central, West and North Africa.
About 65000 B.C.E. Khoisan (Khoi + San) of Southern Africa, established the first and oldest mine in world, in Ngwenya, Swaziland, South African. Mr Adrian Boshier field research officer for the Museum of Man and Science in Johannesburg South African discovered this evidence. Which was also supported by Carbon Dating and article publication in the New York Times on 8th of February 1970.
About 45,000 years ago, some our ancestors; Khoisan (Khoi + San), also called Grimaldi in Europe, who are well established in South and Central Africa began to express their artistic prowess.
The evidence is from the elegance of prehistoric African art unearthed in southern Africa, presently located in the Pretoria Museum, approximately 30,000 years old. Cut by flint stone tools by prehistoric indigenous Africans. In addition was the reconstruction of a stone age African skull-cast, such African lived during the same period as the artist who made the original cast about 25,000 BCE.
Grimaldi: The first Homo sapiens (Grimaldi man) arrived by small groups in northern Spain around 45,000 - 35,000 BP. They cohabited for a time with the last of the Neanderthals, and then developed a significant culture known as paleolithic cave art which developed across Europe, from the Urals to the Iberian Peninusula, from 35,000 to 11,000 BC.
Because of their deep galleries, isolated from external climatic influences, these caves are particularly well preserved. The caves are inscribed as masterpieces of creative genius and as the humanity’s earliest accomplished art.
The last Ice Age then began to make its influence felt, ending in around 18,000 BP. During this period cave art developed in the eastern part of Cantabria, producing an individual style (Altamira, La Peña del Candamo, El Castillo, Las Pasiega, El Pendo, La Garma, Chufin and El Pendo).
The artistic apogee, known as Magdalenian, corresponds to the end of the Ice Age, from 17,000 to 13,000 BP. This was the period of the major works in the decorated caves, with a great variety of motifs and techniques of representation.
This was one of the key moments of the history of art, as seen for example in the polychrome figures of Altamira and El Castillo, the combination of engraving and painting, the use of the rock forms themselves, and realistic detail in the animal figures in most of the nominated caves.
From 13,000 to 10,000 BP, the climate became warmer (Holocene), causing a profound transformation in human lifestyles, together with a decline in cave art. Las Monedas is an example of late cave art, and there is no evidence of cave art later than 11,000 BP.
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One group moved from Asia to China and beyond while another went west from India to Himalayans.
Others went onto the vast Asia steppes while the remaining colonies went to Arabian Gulf. Hence the creation of the Middle Eastern Countries, Syria, Levant, Turkey, The Balkans and Europe.
About 20,000 years ago our ancestors in India, South-east Asia, China, Mongolia and Siberia, Cross the Bearing Strait. This route remain impassable for another 8,000 yearsOn the
Ohio River in Pennsylvania, the Meadowcroft rock shelter settlement site holds key archaeological clues to American ancestry.
Meadowcroft is the oldest American sites. The Meadowcroft site contains artifacts dating to around 16,000 BCE. Some of the artefacts from Meadowcroft bore concise similarities to those discovered in China about 28,000 BCE.
The evidence from Meadowcroft and other American sites suggests that humans did not migrate to North America via one route as previously thought.
That population bearing different genetic lines appeared to have entered North America through different routes and times, from Central Asia, China, Malaysia, Japan and Siberia