The world's first physician (doctor) known by name was the Egyptian Imhotep, who lived about 2650 B.C.
The Egyptians later worshipped him as the god of healing about 2500 B.C., Egyptian physicians began to specialize. Some physicians treated only diseases of the eyes or teeth. Others specialized in internal diseases. Egyptian surgeons produced a textbook that told how to treat dislocated or fractured bones and external abscesses, tumors, ulcers, and wounds.
Imhotep was one of the highest ranking officials in Egypt. He designed and built the first known Egyptian pyramid, for King Djoser. The pyramid stands in the village of Saqqarah, near present-day Cairo. Imhotep had a reputation for wisdom that came from a text he wrote called Instruction. Today, the field of medicine honours him as the first physician known by name. The Egyptians made disinfectant out of plants and their oils. They used Myrrh, Natron (a natural form of salt) to kill the germs on their mummies. Medical equipment such as the forceps (an instrument used to clamp a baby's forehead during birth) was found on a temple carving showing many different medical instruments.
The "Eber Payrus" 1550 BCE the earliest known "Fertility Control Recipe"
This is one of a compendium of medical inscription left by the indigenous Africans of (Ta-Merry, Ta-Nehisi, Itopi and Meroe). It is an inscription for medicated "Tampon" designed to prevent pregnancy. It requires the following: A mixture of the tips of the shrub of Accacia and honey made into a tampon and inserted into the vagina as a suppository. The chemical reaction is that Accacia fermentation breaks down into lactic acid, one of the active spermicidal agents used in the contraceptive jellies today. The Ebers Papyrus is a huge roll of more than 20 meters long and 30 cm wide. It is chiefly an internal medicine reference, as well as diseases of the eye, skin, extremities, gynecology and some surgical diseases. Anatomical and physiological terminology is also included. For treatment of those diseases, 877 recipes and 400 drugs were described.
The Triangle Of The Pyramid Field, Man's Earliest Numerological And Mathematical Challenge 8000 To 341 BCE. The triangular field on the left contain mathematical calculations that solved the area of the Tri-Leg or House of Amenta (Pyramid or House of Heaven). It was developed in the pre-dynastic era and solved about 341 BCE. The indigenous African not only solved the problem of the Pyramid or House of Heaven, they also squared the circle.
The most famous and elaborate papyri are the Edwin Smith Papyrus (1600 BC) and the Ebers papyrus, which refers to King Den (1st dynasty, 3000 BC), suggesting a much earlier origin. The book of was found in writings under the two feet of Anubis in Letopolis and was brought to the majesty of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Den. The Edwin Smith Papyrus is 5 meters long, and is chiefly concerned with surgery. It described 48 surgical cases of wounds of the head, neck, shoulders, breast and chest. Unfortunately, the scribe who copied it did not proceed further from the thorax, and it ended abruptly in the middle of a sentence.
The papyrus listed the manifestations, followed by prescriptions to every individual case. It included a vast experience in fractures that can only be acquired at a site where accidents were extremely numerous, as during the building of the pyramids.