It is generally assumed that the movement of Africans into Europe, in significantly large numbers and into positions of real power, did not occur until the Muslim invasion of Spain in 711 AD.
The oldest map in the world also comes from Egypt. The map deals with the topography of the Sinai area, showing natural and artificial features of the given terrain. It is known as the Turin Papyrus.
The major evidence of the African origin of the Olmecs comes from their writing. There was a sacred ball game that was played by the Olmecs which was later passed on to the Mayans and Aztecs.
The riddle of Queen Charlotte's African
ancestry was solved as a result of an earlier investigation into the black magi featured in 15th century Flemish paintings.
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It is a well known fact that life originated in the continent of Africa, and the oldest strain of mitochondria DNA originated in Uganda. This strain of DNA is shared by females only, and it is traced back to the first female whose origin happens to be African.
Khoisan (Khoi + San) - Is the name for the two original ethnic groups of Southern Africa. From the beginning of the Upper Palaeolithic period, a hunting and gathering culture known as the Sangoan occupied this area.
Sometime around 6,000 B.C.E. a nomadic herding people, who some now think to be Dravidians, settled into villages in the Mountainous region just west of the Indus River.
There they grew barley and wheat, harvesting it using sickles with flint blades.
The Arabian peninsula, first inhabited more than 8,000 years ago, was earlier populated by Black people. Once dominant over the entire peninsula, the African presence in ancient Arabia is most clearly traceable through the Sabeans.
People lived in what is now Nigeria thousands of years ago. In parts of Nigeria, archaeologists have found stone tools that are 40,000 years old. Human skeletons, rock paintings, and other remains of prehistoric settlements have also been found.
Menes was a Thinite (A native of Thinis or Abydos), which was located in Upper Egypt between the first cataract and the Delta. Menes and his successors ruled from this city.
During his reign he put into effect a body of laws introduced luxurious and extravagant manners of living. He also built a new capital at Ined Hedj, meaning the "White Wall."
According to Greek myth Heracles was a divine hero, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus.
He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.
Historically the first Great Southeast Asian kingdom, that we know anything about, is the Khmer kingdom of Funan.
The Primate of the Gods Ptah, conceived in his heart, everything that exists and by His utterance created them all. He is first to emerge from the primeval waters of Nun in the form of a Primeval Hill.
Closely following the Hill, the God Atom also emerges from the waters and sits upon Ptah (The Hill).
There are two species, africanus and robustus (2,000,000 to 500,000 BCE). Boskopid: Ancient South African (so-called "Bushmen") skulls. First type of the recognized skull from Boskop, South Africa. Bushman is a European word. It is used to single out specific group of Africans.
The Ainu people of Japan is notable for possessing almost exclusively Haplogroup D chromosomes In human genetics, Haplogroup D (M174) is a Y-chromosome haplogroup D are believed to have originated in Africa some 50,000 years before present. Along with haplogroup E, D contains the distinctive YAP polymorphism, which indicates their common ancestry.
Northern African cave paintings, dating back 12 000 years, have been found at Tadrart Acacus in Libya. A Neolithic culture, marked by animal domestication and subsistence agriculture, developed in the Saharan and Mediterranean region (the Maghreb) of northern Africa between 6000 B.C and 2000 B.C.
In China, The first evidence of advanced farming and surplus food production appears related to the Yangshao culture, which was focused in the basin formed by the confluence of the Yellow River (Huang Ho), the Fen Ho, and the Kuei-Shui Rivers. This Yangshao culture, which relates to the Xia Dynasty, is characterized by handsome painted pottery.
Ancient Sumer’s civic structure was comprised largely of freemen, who met in concert to govern themselves. The citizens initially held power, and decisions were made in an assembly. In times of need, such as war, a lugal (big man) was elected only for the duration of that threat.
Little is known of the cultures of Iran during the early Bronze ages. However, it is clear that during these early periods, the rugged broken landscape of the Iranian Plateau, forced man into a variety of relatively isolated cultures. These cultures did not participate in the developments that led to the full urbanised civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia to their west, or in the Indus Valley to their south.
Abstract In this study, we present the first extensive genetic data on a European population of the pre-classical period, the Etruscans.
The origins of the Etruscans, a non-Indo-European population of pre-classical (pre-Roman) Italy, are unclear. There is broad agreement that their culture developed locally, but the Etruscans’ evolutionary and emigrational relationships are largely unknown.
By 1200 B.C, the invaders had destroyed many of the Mycenaean strongholds. And the end of Mycenaean civilization came at about 1100 B.C. Soon the presence of these newcomers had caused enough upheaval in the Mediterranean Islands and Southern Europe, so as to cause the original African inhabitants to band together and leave.
The Image of General Hanibal Barca, from both sides of the coins used in Carthage during his lifetime. The elephant is on one side and he is on the other side. Carthage was founded (traditionally by Dido) from Tyre in the 9th cent. B.C. The city-state built up trade and in the 6th and 5th cent. B.C. began to acquire dominance in the W Mediterranean.
Mytilene was the capital of the island of Lesbos. It was one of the mints that struck electrum coins for a very long time. It was minted around 500 BC, the time of the Ionian revolt (500-493 BC), which was crushed by the Persian King Darius I.
The existence of Kush is dated earlier than 4,500 B.C.E., before its decline after being attacked by Christians from Axum (Ethiopia) in 350 C.E. At least seventy-five generations of Kandake (queens) & Alara (kings) survived in Kush long after the occupation of Egypt by the Romans during the Christian era.
Others worshipped the stone deities, of the Moon God, Allat, his wife and family of daughters. There were 360 Gods in The Ka'aba.
80,000 years ago, a group of approximately 250 people undertook a single exodus via the southern route, according to (Dr Steven Oppenheimer) of Oxford University, his evidence? Genetic tracking of Mitochondria D.N.A., shows that only one line of humans came out of Africa
The forest-savanna interface typical of central Gabon is well preserved in the park, and ecological and archaeological evidence shows that the area was inhabited almost continuously from late Palaeolithic times 350-400,000 years ago to the present.
It appears that Melanesians originated from at least two migrations from Africa. The first migration involved a group of people who travelled to S.E Asia from Africa along the coastline of Southern Asia, starting 100,000 years ago. These people share their DNA with the Pygmies of the Congo area.
Our story did not begin or end within the pages of a book that is merely 6,000 years old. However there are writings that came thousands of years before the unsubstantiated bible. Such as The Gilamesh Epics, The Enuma Elish, Atra Hasis, Tablets of Tammuz and Ishthar, Adafa and Etana.
In the Americas, we are now learning that the history of the Americas is much older, and much more complicated than was once thought new evidences of early human habitation are constantly being found, a few sites have produced dates of human habitation as early as 50,000 years ago and more.
The world's first physician (doctor) known by name was the Egyptian Imhotep, who lived about 2650 B.C. The Egyptians later worshipped him as the god of healing about 2500 B.C., Egyptian physicians began to specialize. Some physicians treated only diseases of the eyes or teeth. Others specialized in internal diseases.
If we take the Yoruba Creation Myth of Ifá, Obatala climbs down the chain from Heaven to Earth.
The chain is symbolic of the double helix which is the form found within genes used to store DNA (Also known as Hermes Staff, the Staff of Tehuti or the Caduceus).
One of the last, or perhaps the last, of the original Black civilizations to be destroyed by the Whites, was the Arverni of southern France. They were an advanced culture who lived in cities and were wealthy in gold and silver, (as attested to by the huge booty taken from them by the Romans).
Chinyelu celebrates the military exploits of Tarik (who conquered Spain in 711 A.D.) of Yusuf Ibn Tashifin, leader of the Almoravides, who routed Alphonso VI's army in 1086 (15,000 Africans facing 70,000 Europeans).
The motive of this work is to expose overwhelming evidence of the immense contribution over many centuries by children of Africa (Nuballa) indigenous and abroad, to the now diluted western religious persuasion.
Toussaint L'Ouverture is heralded for his shrewd abilities to mobilize and command thousands in an unseen army. He demanded discipline, loyalty, and allegiance to the cause of liberty.
John Hope Franklin states in A History of Negro Americans, "Haiti was the first of the New World countries to sweep slavery aside."
Tama-Reyeaat 'Egyptian' also had a series of manuscripts, books and scrolls recorded on Papyrus.
There are some astonishing similarities in old Texts. On the fifth tablet of the Epic of Gilgamesh, which is of Sumerian origin and much older than the bible.
However, the ten sons of Abdal-Muttalib, Mohammed's grandfather, were all, according to D.S. Margoliouth, "men of massive build and of dark colour."
Ifá not only is the deepest form of divination in the religion, it is the highest expression of La Regalia Lucumí.
European Archaeologists in their disturbance of sites of antiquity in Ethiopia and Sudan discovered numerous strips of parchment. Some of these strips were wrapped around the bodies of the deceased.
Conversations with Ogotemmeli: An Introduction to Dogon Religious Ideas. The religious beliefs of the Dogon are enormously complex and knowledge of them varies greatly within Dogon society.
She insisted that the Christians have it all backwards that Satan is good, and God is evil.
The Pre-Socratic Philosophers and the Teachings Ascribed to Them.