The Upanishads (Sanskrit: Upanishad) are a collection of texts which contain some of the central philosophical concepts of Hinduism, some of which are shared with Buddhism and Jainism.
The Upanishads are considered by Hindus to contain utterances (śruti) concerning the nature of ultimate reality (brahman) and describing the character of and path to human salvation (moksa or mukti). The Upanishads are commonly referred to as Vedānta, variously interpreted to mean either the "last chapters, parts of the Veda" or "the object, the highest purpose of the Veda".
The concepts of Brahman (Ultimate Reality) and Ātman (Soul, Self) are central ideas in all the Upanishads, and "Know your Ātman" their thematic focus. The Upanishads are the foundation of Hindu philosophical thought and its diverse traditions. Of the Vedic corpus, they alone are widely known, and the central ideas of the Upanishads are at the spiritual core of Hindus.
More than 200 Upanishads are known, of which the first dozen or so are the oldest and most important and are referred to as the principal or main (mukhya) Upanishads.
The mukhya Upanishads are found mostly in the concluding part of the Brahmanas and Aranyakas and were, for centuries, memorized by each generation and passed down verbally.
The early Upanishads all predate the Common Era. New Upanishads, beyond the 108 in the Muktika canon, continued to being composed through the early modern and modern era, though often dealing with subjects which are unconnected to the Vedas. The image above is The Seven Seats Chakras.
The Lord is enshrined in the hearts of all. The Lord is the supreme reality. Rejoice in him through renunciation. Covet nothing. All belongs to the Lord. Thus working may you live a hundred years. Thus alone can you work in full freedom. Those who deny the Self are born again Blind to the Self, enveloped in darkness, Utterly devoid of love for the Lord.
The Self is one. Ever still, the Self is Swifter than thought, swifter than the senses. Though motionless, he
outruns all pursuit. Without the Self, never could life exist. The Self seems to move, but is ever still. He seems far away, but is ever near. He is within all, and he transcends all.
Those who see all creatures in themselves And themselves in all creatures know no fear. Those who see all
creatures in themselves And themselves in all creatures know no grief. How can the multiplicity of life Delude the one who sees its unity? The Self is everywhere. Bright is the Self, Indivisible, untouched by sin, wise, Immanent and transcendent. He it is Who holds the cosmos together.
In dark night live those For whom the world without alone is real; In night darker still, for whom the world
within Alone is real. The first leads to a life Of action, the second of meditation. But those who combine action with meditation Go across the sea of death through action And enter into immortality Through the practice of meditation. So have we heard from the wise. In dark night live those for whom the Lord Is transcendent only; in night darker still, For whom he is immanent only.
But those for whom he is transcendent
And immanent cross the sea of death With the immanent and enter into
Immortality with the transcendent.
So have we heard from the wise.
The face of truth is hidden by your orb Of gold, O sun.
May you remove the orb So that I, who adore the true, may see The glory of truth.
O nourishing sun, Solitary traveler, controller, Source of life for all creatures, spread your light,
And subdue your dazzling splendor So that I may see your blessed Self.
Even that very Self am I!
May my life merge in the Immortal
When my body is reduced to ashes!
O mind, meditate on the eternal Brahman.
Remember the deeds of the past.
Remember, O mind, remember.
O God of fire, lead us by the good path To eternal
You know all our deeds.
Deliver us from evil, we that bow And pray again and again.
OM Shanti Shanti Shanti