Syrian, goddess




Ancient Texts Links



Philosophy Links



African and Chinese Divination Philosophy




SubmitFree: Submit to 25+ Search Engines for free !!!!




Search the web for


Scrub The Web Search Engine


Egyptian, Baal-Hadad, Kothar-and-Khasis, Shachar, Qodesh

God EL/Eloheem

While washing clothing with a female companion by the sea, she is spied by El, who roasts a bird and invites the two to choose between being his daughters or his wives. They choose to become his wives and in due course give birth to the gracious gods, the cleavers of the sea, including Shachar and Shalim. The new family builds a sanctuary in the desert and lives there for eight years. Baal and Anat hope to use her to influence El on the issue of Baal's palace.

Initially suspicious and fearful of them on behalf of her children, but she warms up when she see that they have brought gifts. She and Anat successfully intercede with El on Baal's behalf for permission for Baal to build a more suitable court.


When Baal is found dead, she advocates her son Athtar be made king. Her sons, the "'pounders' of the sea", apparently colluded with Mot and were smited by Baal with sword and mace upon his return. Baal-Hadad's creatures devour her handmaidens, so she sends them to El.


El tells them to go into the wilderness and there birth horned buffalo, which will distract Baal-Hadad. She and Anat serve as nursemaids for Keret's son Yassib, but reminds Keret of his pledge of wealth for Huray, perhaps causing his decline in health because of its lack of fulfillment.

Qadshu: A Syrian goddess, who has occasionally been tentatively identified with nude fertility goddess statues. Also spelled Qodesh, meaning 'holy', and used as an epithet of Athirat. She had been identified with the Egyptian Qetesh, Qodesh-and-Amrur, 'fisherman of Athirat', Baal's messenger to Kothar-and-Khasis. He is also Athirat's servant and dredges up provisions to entertain her guests from the sea with a net. It is interesting to note that in Dan 4:13(10) similar words appear to refer to an angel and have been translated as 'holy messenger' or 'holy sentinel'.



Godess Athirat

Kothar-and-Khasis: ('skillful and clever', also called Chousor and Heyan (Ea) and identified with Ptah). He is the craftsman god and is identified with Memphis. He is ordered by El to build Yam's throne. He upbraids Yam for rising against Baal and threatens him with a magic weapon.


He gives Baal the magic weapons Yagrush (Chaser) and Aymur (Driver). He crafts Baal's bribe for Athirat, a temple serving set of gold and silver. He build's Baal's second house and insists over Baal's objections on including a window. He constructs a bow and arrows set for Aqhat, presenting them first to Daniel and staying for a feast.

Shachar 'Dawn', Shalim 'Sunset/Dusk': Twins and one of the first, if not only, pair of gracious gods, the children and cleavers of the sea. They were born of El and Athirat or her female companion.


The new family builds a sanctuary in the desert and lives there for eight years. According to Isaiah 14:12, he is the father of Helel or Lucifer, the 'light-bringer', usually taken to mean the morning-star. Shamu (Baalshamem?) Not found in the Ugarit texts, this sky god was the chief of the pantheon at the Syrian city of Alalakh.


Baal: (also called Baal-Zephon(Saphon), Hadad, Pidar and Rapiu (Rapha?) - 'the shade') The son of El, the god of fertility, 'rider of the clouds', and god of lightning and thunder. He is 'the Prince, the lord of earth', 'the mightiest of warriors', 'lord of the sky and the earth' (Alalakh). He has a palace on Mt. Zephon. He has a feud with Yam. His voice is thunder; his ship is a snow bearing cloud. He is known as Rapiu during his summer stay in the underworld.

Athtart, Anat, Kothar-and-Khasis, Mt Zephon, Shamu

Goddess Athirat
Goddess Asherah

He upbraids the gods for their cowardice when they intend to hand him over to Yam's messengers and attacks them but is restrained by Athtart and Anat. Kothar-and-Khasis gives him the magic weapons Yagrush (Chaser) and Aymur (Driver).


He strikes Yam in chest and in the forehead, knocking him out. Athtart rebukes Baal and calls on him to 'scatter' his captive, which he does. In a alternate version of this episode, he slays Lotan (Leviathan), the seven-headed dragon.


The battle may have been representative of rough winter sea-storms which calmed in the spring and which were preceded and accompanied by autumn rains which ended summer droughts and enabled crops to grow.


After his victory he holds a feast and remarks on his lack of a proper palace, instead retaining residence with El and Athirat. He sends messengers to Anat to ask her to perform a peace-offering that he might tell her the word which is the power of lightning and seek lightning on the holy Mt Zephon.

She does so and he welcomes her. Hearing his complaints Anat leaves to petition El for a new palace for Baal. Rejected, Baal dispatches Qodesh-and-Amrur to Kothar-and-Khasis with a request to make a silver temple set with which to bribe Athirat. He and Anat view Athirat with trepidation keeping in mind past insults which he has suffered at the hands of the other gods.


He and Anat ask Athirat to ask El for permission to build a more extravagant house and Athirat's request is granted. Gathering cedar, gold, silver, gems, and lapis at Mt. Zephon, he calls Kothar-and-Khasis, feeding him and instructing him on how to build the palace. He doesn't want a window, for fear of Yam breaking through or his daughters escaping, but Kothar-and-Khasis convinces him to allow its inclusion so that he might lightning, thunder, and rain through it. At its completion he holds a feast, takes over scores of towns and allows the window to be built.


message, El, Mot, Ugar, Ashtar, Shapshu, Mt. Zephon


Search this Website



He threatens to ask Mot to invite any of Baal's remaining enemies to come for a visit and at night, binds the lightning, snow and rains.


He sends Gupn and Ugar to Mot to invite him to acknowledge his sovereignty at his new palace.


He sends messengers to Mot to carry this message to him and they return with a message of such weight that Baal declares himself Mot's slave.


He hopes to ameliorate Mot by having Sheger and Ithm supply live sheep and cattle for the god to feast upon.


Fearing Mot he seeks Shapshu's advice and sires a substitute on a cow.


He (or possibly his substitute) dies and remains in the underworld for seven years.


El dreams that he is alive again but he is absent.


Ashtar attempts to take Baal's place, but can not.


Shapshu searches for him.


Baal returns and fights Mot's allies, the sons of Athirat and the yellow ones.


After seven years, Mot returns, demanding one of Baal's brothers lest he consume mankind.


Baal rebuffs him and they fight tooth and nail.


Shapshu separates the two declaring that Baal has El's favor and Baal resumes his throne.

Baal-Hadad: As Baal-Hadad, he sends monstrous creatures to attack the handmaidens of Yarikh, and of Athirat of the Sea.


He hunts the horned, buffalo-humped creatures which were birthed by the handmaidens at the advice of El.


During the hunt he is stuck in a bog for seven years and things fall to pot.


His kin recover him and there is much rejoicing.


Once when he was out hunting, Anat followed him.


He spotted her, fell in love and copulated with her in the form of a cow.


She gave birth to 'a wild ox' or a 'buffalo', telling him of the event on Mt. Zephon.


This is probably not their only affair.