Olmec, African, People, Writing, Mande, Haslip-Viera, Africa
Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour (1997) have argued that Olmec civilization was not influenced by Africans and therefore Afrocentrism should have no standing in higher education, but in fact it can be illustrated that the facial types associated with the Olmec people and Meroitic people are identical;
and that Olmec figurines such as the Tuxtla statuette excavation are inscribed with African writing used by the Mande people of West Africa. (Wiener, 1922; Winters, 1979 , of Manding writing provide the "absolute proof " recovered by archaeologists from "controlled excavations in the New World" demanded by Haslip-Viera, Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour (1997: 419) to "proof"/confirm Olmec and African contact. The Olmec spoke a variety of the Mande language, which is still spoken in West Africa today.
Olmecs, Mande, Otomi, Mayan, African, Chinese, America
Many scholars refuse to admit that Africans early settled America. But the evidence of African skeletons found at many Olmec sites, and their trading partners from the Old World found by Dr. Andrzej Wiercinski prove the cosmopolitan nature of Olmec society. The major evidence of the African origing of the Olmecs comes from their writing.
The writing system used by the Olmec and later adopted by the Maya, was first used by Mande speaking people in North Africa and is called Libyco-Berber ( eventhough it can not be read in Taurag).
The first scholar to recognize the african origin of the Olmec writing was Leo Wiener, in .Dr. Wiener, highlighted the fact that the writing on the Tuxtla statuette was identical to writing used by the Mande speaking people.
In addition to the Mande speaking Olmec or Xi people influcing the Mayan languages they also influenced the Otomi language of Mexico. The Otomi language also shows affinity to the Mande languages.
Researchers have found that some Mayan people have genetic markers, which point to African ancestors. For example: Underhill, et al noted that:"
One Mayan male, previously (has been) shown to have an African Y chromosome." - Underhill, et al (1996) " A pre-Columbian Y chromosome specific transition with its implications for human evolutionary history", Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA, Vol.93, pp.196-200. Paul Manansala has observed that: Mestizos in Mayan or nearby areas show significant African admixture. The East Coast had extensive admixture according to a recent study by Lisker et al. ("Genetic Structure in Mesoamerica," _Human Biology_,June 1996).
The following percentages of African ancestry were found among East coast populations: The Olmecs built their civilization in the region of the current states of Veracruz and Tabasco. In the image above these 3 are the percentages of African ancestry according to Lisker et al.
The Olmec civilization was the missing link between Africa and south America, proofing that their were interaction between the two world. Interaction that predate the birth of Christ by over 2,000 years. The assertion that the Olmec came from Africa is supported with scientific evidence via genetics, writings, relegion, language and archaeology, as well as arguement for and against.
The Olmecs and the Shang Dynasty. The idea, that Chinese people crossed the waters to America at the end of the Shang dynasty (also called Yin dynasty sometimes), is actually not a recent one.
We found information that dates back to the seventies. In my eyes, there's ample evidence to back this theory. The Shang dynasty began around 1600 BC and ended, when king Zhou was defeated around 1100 BC by the upcoming Zhou people under their leader Wuwang.
The homeland of the Shang was the area west of the Shangdong peninsula at the Yellow Sea, roughly between Beijing and Shanghai.
In order to reach the American shores (assumed they had no powered boats), they needed to pick up an ocean current. Appropriate currents exist at the northern part of the Pacific and they flow from the southern Yellow Sea, past Japan and the Aleutes, right to the coast of western Mexico (and return eventually to the Asian side on a southern route). Since the Olmec civilization started around 1500 BC, the timeframe fits perfectly.There are some interesting points in correlation to that. Shang artwork is very consistent in appearance. It's so easily recognizable, that even laymen can tell, if a piece is Shang or not.
Although the artwork of the succeeding Zhou shows clearly the influence of the Shang up to a point; when for the Zhou the time came, to step aside, it disappeared completely. In the 4th Century, some Chinese, descendants of the Teros, who were looking for more land, came to America under Hsu Shen, of the Shang Dynasty, came to the shore of America during an exploration in 459 A.D. These Teros came into California and bumped into the Olmecs.
They mixed producing most of the native Americans. The Olmecians gave them the lower land (South America). Which became known as 'Amexern.' this word comes from 'Hexian,' a Chinese word, combined with America, which is just another name for Hsu Shen (Ho Shen).