And Race by J.A. Rogers 1967 A.D. "Sir E.A. W. Budge, gives a list of
the Egyptian Gods that originated in the Sudan, the land of the Negroes,
and says there is "Little doubt that the Great God of Memphis, Ptah was
originally a great handicraftsman and worker in metals who was deified.
was the Negroes in the South who introduced the use of iron into Ancient
Egypt. Prehistoric iron furnaces discovered in northern Rhodesia, almost
in the heart of Africa, by Nino Del Grande, shows that the Negro knew
the use of iron untold centuries before the European. Archaeologists generally
agree that it was the Negro who first discovered the secret of Iron."
Menphite Theology is an inscription on a stone, now kept in the British
Museum. It contaim the theological, cosmological and philosophical views
of the Egyptians. It is dated 700 B. C., and bears the name of an Egyptian
Pharaoh who stated that he had copied an inscription of his ancestors.
This statement is verified by language and typical arrangement of the
text, and therefore assigns the original date of the Memphite. Theology
to a very early period of Egyptian history, i.e. the time when the first
Dynasties had made their new capital at Memphis: the city of the God Ptah,
i.e., between 4000 and 35OO B.C. Intellectual Adventure of Man by Frankfort,
p. 55. This consists of three supplementary parts, each of which will
be treated separately: Part I presents the Gods of Chaos. Part II presents
the Gods of Order and arrangement in creation, and Part III presents:
the Primate of the Gods, or the God of Gods, through whose (Logos) creation
The Primate of the Gods Ptah, conceived in his heart, everything that
exists and by His utterance created them all. He is first to emerge from
the primeval waters of Nun in the form of a Primeval Hill. Closely following
the Hill, the God Atom also emerges from the waters and sits upon Ptah
(The Hill). There remain in the waters four pairs of male and female gods
(the Ogdoad, or unity of Eight-Gods), bearing the following names:-
(1) Nun and Naunet, i.e., the Primeval waters and the counter heaven.
(2) Huh and Hauhet, i.e., the boundless and its opposite.
(3) Kuk and Kauket, i.e., darkness and its opposite.
(4) Amun, i.e., (Amon) and Amaunet, i.e., the hidden and its opposite.
(Egyptian Religion by Frankfort, p. 20; 23. Intellectual Adventure of
Ancient Man by Frankfort, p. 21).
B. The Philosophy
of Part 1:
(1) Ptah has the following attributes; (a) The Primate of the Gods, i.e..
The God of Gods (b) The Logos. Thought and creative utterance and power
(Egyptian Religion by Frankfort, p. 23). (c) The God of Order and form
(d) The Divinity Artificer and Potter (Fire Philosophy by Swinburne Clymer
Jamblichus; Ancient Egypt by John kendrick, Bk. I, p. 318. and 338).
A. Text of
The Gods of Order and arrangement in the cosmos are represented by nine
gods, in one God-head, called the Ennead Here Atum (Atom), the source
of the Ogdoad, is also retained as the source of the Gods of Order and
arrangement. Atum (Atom) names four pairs of parts of his own body, and
thus creates eight Gods, who together with himself become nine. These
Eight Gods are the created Gods, the first creatures of this world. And
(Atum), the creator God, the Demiurge, of whom Plato spoke. (Atom) projected
from his body were:
(i) Shu (Air)
(ii) Tefnut (Moisture)
(iii) Geb (Earth) and
(iv) Nut (Sky);
who are said to have given birth to four other Gods:
(v) Osiris (the God of omnipotence and omniscience)
(vi) Isis (wife of Osiris, Female Principle)
(vii) Seth (the opposite of good)
(viii) Nephthys (Female Principle in the Unseen World).
Plutarch: Isis et Osiris, 355A; 364C;371B; Frankfurt; Intellectual Adventure
of Ancient Man, p. 6667.
B. The Philosophy
of Part II.
As we read the text of Part II, we find that the Sun God Atum (Atom) who
was present in the Chaos was also presented at the development of orderly
arrangement in the cosmos. At this stage Atum (Atom) assumes the role
of creator of all Gods except Ptah, the God of Gods. He next proceeds
to accomplish this special type of creation in the following manner: He
commands Eight Gods to proceed from His own body according to the names
of those eight parts. The result of this creation presents us with what
is called: The "Enead" or the unity of "Nine Gods in one
Text of Part lll
In this third part of the Memphite Theology, the Primate of the Gods is
represented as Ptah: Thought, Logos and Creative Power, which are exercised
over all creatures. He transmits power and spirit to all Gods, and controls
the lives of all things, animals and men through His thought and commands.
In other words it is in Him that all things live move and have their eternal
The Philosophy of Part lll
From Part III we infer the following doctrines:- (a) all things were created
by the thought and command of Ptah, the God of Gods. (b) Through the thought
and command of Ptah, we all live, move and have our eternal Being, (c)
Ptah is Creator and Preserver. Ptah's powers were transmitted by magical
means to Atum who performed the work of creation. Intellectual Adventures
of Man by Frankfort, p. 52-60.