Priests, Odus, Horoscopus, Hierogrammat, Stolistes, Prophetes
From Diodorus, Herodotus and Clement of Alexandria, we learn that there were six Orders of Egyptian Priests and that each Order had to master certain number of the books of Hermes. Clement has described a procession of the Priests, calling them by their Order and stating their qualifications, as follows:
First comes the Singer Odus, bearing an instrument of music. He has to know by heart two of the books of Hermes, one containing the hymns of the Gods, and the other, the allotment of the king's life. Next comes the Horoscopus, carrying in his hand a Horologium or sundial, and a palm branch, symbols of Astronomy. He has to know four of the books Hermes, which deal with Astronomy. Next, comes the Hierogrammat, with feathers on his head, a book in his hand, a rectangular case with writing materials i.e., the writing ink and the reed.
He has to know hieroglyphics, cosmography, geography, astronomy, the topography of Egypt, the sacred utensils and measures, as well as the temple furniture and the lands. The Stolistes carrying the cubit of justice and liberation vessels.
He has to know the books of Hermes that deal with the slaughter of animals. The Prophetes carrying the vessel of water, followed by those carrying the loaves.
The Prophetes is the President of the temple and has to know ten books, which are called hieratic. They contain the law and doctrine concerning the Gods (secret-theology) as well as the whole education of the priests. 36 out of the 42 books of Hermes must be known by the Orders, which precede and contain the whole philosophy of the Egyptians. The remaining six books must be known by the Order of Pastophori. These are medical books and deal with physiology, male and female diseases, anatomy, drugs and instruments.
The books of Hermes were well known to the ancient world and were known to Clement of Alexandria, who lived at the beginning of the third century A. D. In addition to the education contained in the 42 Books of Hermes, the Priests gained considerable knowledge from the selection and examination of sacrificial victims and the strict bodily purity, which their priestly office imposed. In addition to the Hierogrammat and Horoscopus, who were skilled in theology and hieroglyphics, a Priest was also a judge and an interpreter of the law. This led to a select tribunal, which made the Egyptian Priest the custodian of every kind of literature. We are also told that the Science of Statistics was cultivated to the greatest perfection among the Egyptian Priests.
Mysteries, Seven Liberal Arts, Symbolism, Priests, Hieroglyphics
The Education of the Egyptian Priests consisted of, Seven Liberal Arts, Secret Systems of Languages and Mathematical Symbolism, as well as Magic. The education of the Egyptian Priests in the Seven Liberal Arts:
The Egyptian Mysteries System was the centre of organized culture and the recognized source of education in the
ancient world. Neophytes were graded according to their moral efficiency and intellectual competence, including
submission for many years to tests and ordeals, so that their eligibility for advancement can be determined.
Their education included the Seven Liberal Arts, and the virtues. The virtues were not mere abstractions or ethical sentiments, but positive valour and the virility of the soul. Beyond these, the Priests may embark on a
Secondly the education of the Egyptian Priests also consisted of the specialization in secret systems of language and mathematical Symbolism.
It would appear that there were two forms of writing used among the Egyptians. The demotic, believed to have been introduced by Pharaoh Psammitichus, for trade and commercial purposes.
The hieroglyphics of which there were two forms, the hieroglyphics proper and the hieratic, a linear form, both of which were used only priests, in order to conceal the secret and mystical meaning of their doctrines.
(Clement of Alexandria: Stromata Bk. V. c. 4 p. 657; Plutarch, De Iside et Osiride Bk. II p. 374 John Kendrick; Ancient Egypt, Bk. II, p. 84, 119, 336-245).
We are also informed that the mystery system of Egypt used modes of spoken language, which could only be understood by those initiated. These consisted not only of myths and parables, as well as a secret language called Senzar. Ancient Mysteries: C. H. Vail, p. 23)
We also understand, that the Egyptians attached numerical values to letters of their words and geometrical figures, including their hieroglyphics. The intention of the Egyptian was to conceal their teachings via secret codes.
Egyptians, numerical and geometrical symbolism was in the 42 books of Hermes, which was the oldest and most repository of mathematical symbolism. (Ancient Mysteries: C. H. Vail, p. 22-23; Clement of Alexandria: Stromata Book V, c. 7 and 9).
C. The education of the Egyptian Priests also consisted of the specialization in magic.
According to Herodotus, the Egyptian Priests possessed supernatural powers, for they had been trained in the esoteric philosophy of the Greater Mysteries, and were experts in Magic.
They had the power of controlling the minds of men (hypnosis), the power of predicting the future (prophecy) and the power over nature, (i.e., the power of Gods) by giving commands in the name of the Divinity and accomplishing great deeds.
Herodotus also tells us that the most celebrated Oracles of the ancient world were located in Egypt: Hercules at Canopis, Apollo at Apollinopolis Magna; Minerva at Sais; Diana at Bubastis; Mars at Papremis, Jupiter at Thebes and Ammonium. The Greek Oracles were Egyptian imitations.
Here it might be well to mention that the Egyptian Priests were the first genuine priests of history, who
exercised control over the laws of nature. It should also be mentioned that the Egyptian Book of the Dead is a book of magical formulae and instructions, intended to direct the fate of departed souls. It was the prayer book of the Mystery System of Egypt, and the Egyptian priest received training in post mortem conditions as well as the methods of their Corpse verification. It must also be noted that Magic was applied religion, or primitive scientific method. creation. Intellectual Adventures of Man by Frankfort, p. 52-60.
Egypt, 42 Books of Hermes, Training, Pastophori, Gods,
The Curriculum of the Egyptian Mystery System consisted of the following
The Seven Liberal Arts, which formed the foundation training for all Neophytes
Grammar, Arithmetic, Rhetoric and Dialectic (i.e., the Quadrivium)
and Geometry, Astronomy and Music (i.e., the Trivium) and The Sciences
of the 42 Books of Hermes.
addition to the foundation training prescribed for all Neophytes, those
who sought Holy Orders, had to be versed in the books of Hermes and according
to Clement of Alexandria, their orders and subjects were as follows:
The Singer or Odus, who must know two books of Hermes dealing with Music
i.e., the hymns of the Gods
2. The Horoscopus, who must know four books of Hermes dealing with Astronomy
3. The Hierogrammat, who must know the hieroglyphics, cosmography, geography,
astronomy and the topography of Egypt, as well as Land Surveying
4. The Stolistes, who must know the books of Hermes that deal with slaughter
of animals and the process of embalming.
5. The Prophetes, who is the President of the temple, he must know ten
books of Hermes dealing with higher esoteric theology and the whole education
6. The Pastophori, who must know six books of Hermes, which are medical
books, dealing with physiology, the diseases male and female, anatomy,
drugs and instruments.
Sciences of the Monuments (Pyramids, Temples, Libraries, Obelisks, Phinxes,
Idols). Architecture, masonry, carpentry, engineering, sculpture, metallurgy,
agriculture, mining and forestry.
Art (drawing and painting).
Sciences: Numerical symbolism, geometrical symbolism, magic, the book
of the dead, myths and parables. The Social Order and Its Protection.
History of Science by Sedgwick and Tyler page 141 and 153 C. IX.
History of Philosophy by Zeller Introduction page 31.
Europe in the Middle Ages by Ault page 216-219.
History of the Arabs by Hitti page 370, 629, 665 and 572.
Esoteric Christianity by Annie Besant page 107, 128-129.
Ancient Mysteries by C.H. Vail page 59, 61, 74-75 and 109.
History of Philosophy William Turner: p. 34; 39; 45; 53.
Roger Student: p. 15 B.C. Alexander: p. 13; 21.
Zeller: p. 37; 46; 58; 66-83; 112; 127; 170-17
Othello by William Shakespeare
I.B.M. World book 1999.
Triumphs of the Ancient Egyptians F. M. Barber)
(The Book of the Foundation of Temples by Moret) A short history of Mathematics by W. W. R. Ball)
(The Problem of Obelisks by R. Enjelbach)
(The Great Pyramid Its Divine Message by D. Davidson)
(History of Mathematics by Florian Cajori)