Ifá not only is the deepest form of divination in the religion, it is the highest
expression of La Regalia Lucumí.
Contained within Ifá is the
sum total of the knowledge and wisdom of the ancients, the sum total of existence,
as well as the divine wisdom of Olodumare and the Orishas. And every event
in the universe and in our lives that has happened, is happening or will happen
is contained within its scope. Orunmila, as the deity of Ifá, is most commonly known as the secretary of Olodumare.
Therefore the words of Ifá carry the full weight of Olodumare in person.
Orunmila is the Orisha of wisdom and his priests, called Babalawos or "Father
of Secrets" they are the highest priests in the religion.
even privy to the secret of the creation of the universe as Olodumare allowed
him to be a witness to creation, hence his title of Eleri Ipin or "Witness
to Destiny in its Creation". He also bears witness every time one of
us goes to the feet of Olodumare to choose the destiny that we will follow
There are many forms of divination. You have the physic network, palm reading, crystal balls, the I Ching, and so on. And of course we have Cleo! All these methods are supposed to give the client insight into their unknown future.
The Ifa system of divination, due to the amount of information and the number of possibilities is the most robust, ancient and the longest standing of all forms of divination. Why am I making such a bold statement? It is because: First, I am not Afrocentric, Yorubacentric or Igbocentric, I am only following my and other credible researches into Black history via Ifa trail.
Second, we have been able to proof beyond reasonable doubt that Obatala or Eshin, the Yoruba and Igbo creation myth, are two different peas from the same pod. Third, on Ifa page 2: We established the source of, European text about binary mathematics (Explication de l'arithmetique binaire), in 1705 is the Chinese 64 Hexagrams,
The astounding similarity between Yi Jing (I Ching) and Ifa, The similarity between Fú Xi's and Orunmila's myth, That Madagascan Sikidy system was also adopted by Arabs (under the name of "ilm al-raml", "the science of sand"), and from Arabs it even transferred to Europe in the Middle Ages.
Fourth, on Ifa page 3: we illustrated how Ifa is a computer compatible binary coding system, Showed an image of binary numbers for a computer model worked out by Ifa's Opele.
Fifth, on Ifa page 4: we exposed you to the most important Ifa's sacred poem Holy Ogbe Meji Part A and B, and on Ifa page 5: Holy Oyeku Meji Part A. Sixth, on Ifa page 6: we introduced you to illustrated Ogam Lines. Finally, working backward, I will try to proof to you that we took Ifa to
ancient Sumeria, Egypt, Greece and Rome. I know it will take many more articles this is just an appetiser. Starting from ancient Greece: Figure 1 and 3 in the image above is the "Head of a Negro" Silver coin from ancient Greece (Delphi). 5th century B.C.E. The black man depicted is "Delphos," the eponym of Delphi. The father of Delphos in one ancient story was Apollo; in another, Poseidon. The "Delphic Oracle" occupied an important ancient seat of prophecy at Delphi. Figure 4 is the Greek God Apollo depicted on a coin and figure 3 is the depiction of Omphale, queen of Lydi.
Omphale, queen of Lydia, bought Herakles as a slave after the Delphic Oracle Xenoclea said he must be sold into slavery to purify himself after murdering Iphitus and stealing the Delphic tripod.
Omphale forced Herakles to do women's work and wear women's clothing. Meanwhile, as shown on this coin, Omphale wore the Nemean Lion skin and carried his club. After Omphale freed Herakles, she took him as her husband. Caria Drachm coin of Aphrodite/Hathor/ also Known as Kypris (Lady of Cyprus) 490 - 465 BCE. In the second image: Figure 1 and 4 is the Greek God Apollo depicted on the coins, figure 3 and 5 is the depiction of Medusa or Gorgon, and figure 2 is Persian Silver Siglos coin.
Persian Silver Siglos (5th-4th Centuries B.C.) The Persians ruled one of the greatest empires in history. Though coinage was not used in most of their territories, it was essential in the westernmost areas, where interaction with the Greeks was most common.
Their standard design in silver and gold showed a running man a king or a mythical hero holding a bow in his outstretched left hand, and in his right hand a spear or a dagger.
They were struck for a long period in the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., with the style evolving over time. The reverse does not have a type, but is the impression of a utilitarian incuse punch that helped force metal into the obverse die. They were carelessly struck and often have ‘banker’s marks,’ so finding a great example is no easy task.
In the 3rd image above: Figure 1 is the depiction of the Greek sun god Helios on a coin, figure 2 Socrates the phi;osopher, figure 3 Medusa or Gorgon again, figure 4 Apollo again, and figure 5, Caria Drachm coin of Aphrodite/Hathor/ also Known as Kypris (Lady of Cyprus) 490 - 465 BCE.
Eurocentric for years had led the whole world to beleive that "Iron Age" started in Southwest Asia in 1500 BCE.
However, iron smelting in Lejja is 495 older than that done in Asia, 1,045 years older than China's Iron Age, and 695 years younger than the Egyptian Pyramids.
The Ebo Landing Project. The project was designed by Professor Catherine Acholonu and Sidney Louis Davis of Catherine Acholonu Research Center, Abuja in partnership with NAGAS International Consortium Inc., USA and Ebo Landing Incorporated, USA. The team visited various tourist sites in Enugu State including the Institute for African Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN), which led an excursion trip to the Prehistoric Iron smelting site in Lejja in Nsukka. The Lejja visit proved to be a most auspicious event, for it exposed the visitors to the world’s oldest iron smelting technology.
Lejja, Nsukka, Enugu, Oshuru Shrine
Lejja iron smelting technology was dated 2,000 B.C by Carbon-12 laboratory analysis conducted at the Oxford University Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Laboratory , London in partnership with the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, through the professional instrumentality of archaeologists Professor Edwin Eme Okafor, Dean of Archaelogy, UNN and Professor Pamela Eze-Uzoamaka, Head of Department of Archaeology, UNN.
In Nsukka communities, iron ore is called Nne nkpume, slag are called Nsi Igwe and furnaces are called Utu. Knives forged in the area are called Idu. There are 500 to a thousand huge lumps of slag in the Dunu Oka village square, Lejja site alone.
Evidence abounds in these communities that a vast industry of iron smelting thrived in Old Nsukka involving entire populations of several communities.
In these communities which include Orba, Opi, Umundu, Owerri-Elu, Eha, Agu, Isiakpu, Eguru, and archaeologists have found evidence of prehistoric mining of iron ore as well as local furnaces used for smelting.
Sitchen reveals that the Sumerian term Dun/Duni (which survives to this day in Dunu Oka village in Lejja) is equivalent to the Assyrian word Ka’ini (the root of the word Canaan), and that Sumerian and Assyrian texts maintained that
“Ashur is the Lord of Duni”. Duni is of course a reference to Dunu Oka, and Ashur is the title of Egyptian god Osiris and the origin of his name. Osiris is the Sun Disc.
He is represented in the ancient Dunu Oka Shrine with the Sun disc symbol called Oshuru. Oshuru is thus the original word/concept from which Osiris derives his name. Ralph Ellis in Eden in Egypt, notes that Ashura means ‘Sacred Groove” or Shrine.
This is in keeping with the fact that Oshuru is the most sacred part of the Dunu Oka Shrine. It is indeed a mound
of iron slag covering the Hidden Hole that leads into what the native priests call a “bottomless pit” – which no doubt is the Underground Duat of Osiris and Atum.
The name of the first of the two magical Trees - Utu Udeleigwe means ‘Utu – the Vulture of the Sky’. This cannot be a coincidence, rather it implies that the sacred tree with that name is actually a totem representative of the god Utu himself.
Also the name of the god Adad occurs in Lejja in the female form of Adada, who is the main deity female of Lejja. Her shrine is not far removed from the Dunu Oka Shrine.
Therefore the “House of Shamash” located in the “Place of Palms” referred to by Biblical prophet Amos, is Lejja in Nsukka, Enugu state. The reference to this place as a place of palms is self-explanatory. Igbo land, Eastern Nigeria is the traditional home of the palm tree.
It is an interesting revelation that this place is referred to in Jeremiah as the “Houses of the Gods of Egypt”. Edwin Eme Okafor, “Economy and Politics: Factors of Technological Change in Nsukka Bloomery
Iron-Smelting, Nigerian Heritage Journal of NCMM, Vol. 4, 1995, p. 89.
Professor Pamela Eze-Uzoamaka, Head, Department of Archaeology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN), in a paper
titled “Iron Production and Change in Igbo land Nigeria”,
In Ikenga Journal…, states “C-12 dates recovered from
(from Oxford University, London, ”indicate that smelting started as early as 2000 BC and continued till a few decades ago.” P. 17, p. 15.
Adiele Afigbo, Igbo History and Society, edited by Toyin Falola, (2005), p. 417.