The world's first religious principles are written by the Kushite, King 'Ori' (right & wrong). However taken from Ifa Sacred Poems was a story about "Ori" (head) the king of the body. Ori (head) was the only divinity that broke the kola nuts that Orunmila kept at his shrine. Ori's wish was for a permanent abode (home) and plenty of followers.
Upon hearing the news of the finally broken Kola-nuts, all the other divinities agreed, (since they all tried to break the nuts) that the "Head" was the right divinity to the Kola-nuts. Almost immediately the hand, feet, body, stomach, chest, neck etc, each of which before then had distinct identities, all assembled and decided to go and live with the Head. Together, they all carried the Head high above as the king of the body. It is on account of the role-played by Orunmila in his fortune that the head touches the ground to defer and revere to Orunmila to this day. 'The Jewish Talmud', also contains oblique references to the story, as well the New Testament where Sheba is referred to as "The Queen of the South."
There is, in addition, a fairly detailed account in the Koran, echoed in several Arabic and Persian folk tales of later date, (in which she is known as Bilqis). Further afield, in southern enigmatic stone ruins of Great Zimbabwe are said by the local Mashona people to have been the palace of the Queen of Sheba, and tribal elders still repeat their own fully evolved version of the legend. In addition, the Yoruba of West Africa also claimed to have the Staff of Queen of Sheeba in Ile Ife. A man called Lamurudu, at that time, introduced Yoruba to Mecca it was not known as Yoruba, just as Idolatry or Polytheism. One of the offspring of Lamurudu was Oduduwa II, was also alleged to have been King of Gogobiri and Kukawa, which are tribes in Country.
The Hausa Were the Yoruba Muslims at that time. They spoke Yoruba language and Aramic type Script. They later develop their own unique language Called Hausa, still been spoken today.
In the fifth century Mecca was the world trade centre. The Yorubas and others, who were considered polytheist, were permitted to practice their religion, having migrated a few thousand years before and being the natives of that time.
They were called Sabeans and Nabateans. Others worshipped the stone deities, of the Moon God, Allat, his wife and family of daughters. 360 Gods were in The Ka'aba. This was before the time of Muhammad. Oduduwa was alleged to be the heir to the throne of Mecca. He went back to the religion of his forefathers during the reign of his father Lamurudu. They decided to bring their people back to the worship of their Ancestors. So, one night, Asara, a Lamurudu priest was ordered to put idols in The Ka'aba, which at that time was attributed to one Deity, Allat.
However because Asara's son was a monotheist he was unable to bear the thought of idols residing in the Ka'aba, so he destroyed it. This unitary action brought about civil war, between the polytheists and monotheists. The monotheists were victorious, King Lamurudu was killed, and his children were expelled from Mecca, Oduduwa Ventured northwest, from Arabia toward modern day Sudan. It was during the seventh century B.C.E. that the Sabean rulers became known as Mukarribs (priest-kings).
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That is why you will find Yoruba practices and customs under different names, in modern day Sudan. One of the deities of Sudan is Ngkola, the brother of Tere the God of life. He bestowed life on human beings by breathing life into them. In fact the Yoruba name for Ngkola, is Olorun (Olo) 'owner' of the (Orun) 'sky', (Orun) 'sun', (Oru) 'heat'. Nzeanzo and Tsoede were known as the God of Blacksmiths, the God of rain and builders. The Yoruba name for Nzeanzo and Tsoede is Ogun the God of war and Blacksmiths.
Before long, even Sudan became uncomfortable for the Yoruba, so they travelled South West, mixing and colonising along the way, until they reached Ile Ife, where they were reunited with the native Yoruba people.
It didn't take very long before Oduduwa became the King of the Yoruba. This (Ile) house (I) is (fe) Gigantic, or (Ile) house, of (Ife) love.
The seven grand children of Oduduwa also became Yoruba kings and queens. Out of these mixtures of Yoruba natives, emigrants and immigrants first Yoruba Kingdoms 700 A.D. was created, which stretched from modern day Senegal to Sudan.
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