Khartoum, Sudan (PANA) - Historians may have to revise their previous beliefs about the history of the Nile River valley and human history following the recent discovery of seven statues in Karma, northern Sudan, south of the Third Cataract, which represented monarchs during the ancient Nubian Kingdom.
In a recent report, Sudanese News Agency (SUNA) reported that a group of archaeologists working in the Sudan discovered the statues. These researchers established that five of them, namely Taharqa, Tanoutamon, Senkamanisken, Anlamani and Aspelta, date back to the era of Nubian Kings.
"The statues are sculptural masterpieces and important additions to our knowledge of the history of the region" the national news agency quoted Charles Bonnet, an archaeologist with the University of Geneva, Switzerland, as saying. Another archaeologist in the team, Tim Kendall, said the discovery could raise public awareness about the important and advancement of Nubian civilisation during the said period.
"The general public is familiar with Egypt and pharaohs, but, it is not so aware that there was a highly important, sophisticated, and independent ancient civilisation in Nubia, which is now Northern Sudan," said Kendall, a Sudanese archaeologist and visiting research scientist at the US North-eastern University in Boston, Massachusetts. Ancient Egyptians gave the name "Kush" to the Nubian land or the Nubian Kingdom, which extended from what, is today southern Egypt to northern Sudan.
The area had a long and tangled history with ancient Egypt, a history that seesawed between periods of war and occupation, and periods of peace and prosperity. Archaeologists have found material evidence of several early cultures in Nubian beginning about 3500 B.C. According to scholars, the presence of products from central African found in Egypt suggests that these early Kingdoms traded with one another and that the Nubians served as the link along the Nile between central Africa and Egypt.
"When the Egyptians originally started exploring Nubia, which at that point consisted of many different tribes, the people of Northern Sudan were very friendly with Egyptians; and the rulers had good relations with the Egyptian pharaoh," said professor Kendall. But, he added, that did not last. "The Egyptians, feeling threatened invaded and conquered Kush"
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Nubians are the people of northern Sudan and southern Egypt. With a history and traditions which can be traced to the dawn of civilization, the Nubian first settled along the banks of the Nile from Aswan. Along this great river they developed one of the oldest and greatest civilizations in Africa. Until they lost their last kingdom (Christian Nubia) only five centuries back the Nubians remained as the main rivals to the other great African civilization of Egypt.
Nubia is the homeland of Africa's earliest black culture with a history which can be traced from 3800 B.C. onward through Nubian monuments and artefacts, as well as written records from Egypt and Rome. In antiquity, Nubia was a land of great natural wealth, of gold mines, ebony, ivory and incense which was always prized by her neighbours.
Their bowmen warriors were known and feared by those who saw them in battles.
Ancient Nubia's lands are now part of modern Egypt and Sudan.
Its geographic position meant that much of ancient Nubia's development is connected to that of ancient Egypt.
In fact, Egypt ruled much of Nubia between 2000 B.C. and 1000 B.C., but when Egypt collapsed into civil war, Nubian kings ruled Egypt from around 800 B.C. to 700 B.C.
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